A Beginner's Guide to Investment Glossary

A Beginner’s Guide to Investment Glossary

By: Nfinity Financials0 comments

Are you interested in investing in Australia but confused by all the complicated words people use when talking about investments? You’re not the only one. Finance can feel like a maze of confusing terms, making it hard for new investors to know where to start.

Don’t worry, this beginner’s guide will explain some of the most common Investment Glossaries and give you a clear plan to understand how investing works in Australia.

Stocks and Shares:

Let’s begin with the basics. When you invest in a company, you usually buy shares of its stock. A stock is like owning a piece of the company and gives you a share of its profits and assets it owns. In Australia, the main place for buying and selling these shares is called the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX).


Think of bonds like loans. When you buy a bond, you’re lending money to governments or companies. In return, they pay you interest regularly and give you back the full amount you lent when the bond ends. Investors see bonds as safer than stocks and appreciate their ability to provide a steady income.

ETFs (Exchange-Traded Funds):

ETFs are like bundles of investments that you can buy and sell on the stock market, just like you would with regular stocks. They usually follow an index or a group of assets. This lets you invest in a bunch of different things at once, and they often cost less than other types of investment funds.

Mutual Funds:

Mutual funds are like big pots of money collected from lots of people. This money is then used to buy a mix of stocks, bonds, or other things. Fund managers handle these investments for you. Mutual funds help spread out your investments and are managed by professionals, but they can have higher fees compared to ETFs.


Diversification means not putting all your money into one specific investment. Instead, you spread your money across different types of investments, industries, and places. This helps lower the risk because if one investment does badly, it won’t hurt your overall finances too much.

Risk vs. Return:

When you invest, you’re balancing between Risk and what you could gain. Riskier investments might offer bigger rewards, but they also come with a higher chance of losing money. Before you invest, it’s important to think about how much risk you’re comfortable with and what you want to achieve with your investments.


Dividends are like slices of a company’s profits that they share with their shareholders. Lots of investors like stocks that pay dividends because they can give you a regular income, which can be helpful when the market is unpredictable.

Capital Gains:

Capital gains are the extra money you make when you sell something for more than what you paid for it. In Australia, if you hold onto your investments for over a year before selling them, you usually pay less tax on the profit you make.

Asset Allocation:

Asset allocation means deciding how much of your money you’ll put into different types of investments like stocks, bonds, and cash. It’s important to choose the right mix based on what you want to achieve with your investments, how long you plan to invest, and how much risk you’re comfortable with.

Brokerage Account:

A brokerage account lets you buy and sell things like stocks and bonds through a brokerage firm. When picking a brokerage account, think about things like how much it costs to make trades, if there’s a minimum amount you need to start, and what kinds of investments you can make.

In a Nutshell

Now that you understand these investment terms, you’re ready to start investing in Australia! Just remember, investing takes time, so be patient and stick to your plan. Keep learning and staying updated, and you’ll be able to handle the ups and downs of the financial world and work towards a better financial future for yourself. 

Need further assistance? We’re here for you at Nfinity Financials. Our team of experts is ready to help you figure it all out. We’ll give you advice that fits your investment plans perfectly. Schedule a consultation call with us today so we can start your investment journey together, with confidence. You can also Read related articles here.

Don’t get scared by all the fancy words. Just jump in, contact us at 1300 GET LOAN, and watch your investments grow over time. Happy investing.

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